Current Vacancies

Simulation and on-line measurement of temperature during milling processes

Fully funded Four Year EngD Studentship sponsored by AMRC and AFRC

Partners: The University of Sheffield - Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre and The University of Strathclyde - Advanced Forming Research Centre

Start date: 2nd September 2019

Duration: 4 years

Stipend: Tax-free stipend of £18,000 per year, plus all tuition fees paid at UK/EU rates.

Applications deadline: 23rd August 2019

Please check eligibility requirements before applying.

Project Description

Milling process is one of the most common machining operations in the industry, which allows the use of higher speeds to improve productivity. However, the cutting temperature generated is one of the key factors that limits the process optimisation.


For example, it is widely recognised that the evolution and redistribution of induced residual stress during machining operations is directly influenced by the magnitude of applied loads and the experienced cutting temperature within the workpiece. Equipment for in-process measurement of cutting forces has reached a high level of maturity which has led to a greater understanding of what is occurring at the tool chip interface. However, this has exposed a fundamental lack of understanding regarding temperature profiles within both the cutting tool and the workpiece, particularly when milling using solid carbide tools.


This project will establish a greater understanding of the temperatures generated during machining leading to a step change:

  • Within modelling capability for temperature prediction.

  • Understanding of the thermal cycles within typical applications toolpaths leading to future work in toolpath optimisation driven by temperature.

  • Improvements in the characterisation, evolution and redistribution of stresses in the material and related surface integrity.


It is envisioned that the candidate improves the current readily available hardware solution for a more robust measurement method for on line temperature measurement in milling process for solid carbide tools. It is proposed that the candidate revisits the method of placing the thermocouple sensor, the sensor selection itself, and the wireless system for further improvements.


This project offers a unique opportunity to work as part of a collaboration between both the University of Sheffield - Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre and University of Strathclyde - Advanced Forming Research Centre. This project will draw upon core specialisms from both institutions. Through the cross HVMC collaboration, the two centres will build upon the strengths of the AMRC’s process monitoring and process modelling teams; and the residual stress measurements and modelling capabilities at the AFRC. Due to the nature of this project operating between the two centres the candidate must therefore be comfortable with travelling between both research centres.   

Entry requirements and eligibility

Applicants must have, or expect to get, a 1st or good 2:1 degree (or Masters with Merit) in a relevant science or engineering subject such as Mechanical Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Materials Science, or Physics. You should be enthusiastic about research with an interest in technology development and innovation in manufacturing.


This project is open to UK and EU applicants who have been resident in the UK for at least 3 years immediately preceding the start of the course. However, we are willing to consider overseas applicants, providing there is proof of means to fund the difference between home and overseas tuition fees.


Candidates must also be able show that their English language proficiency is at a level which allows them to successfully complete the EngD. All applicants require an English language qualification, typically a GCSE or an IELTS test (a score of 7 or above is required, with a minimum of 6.5 in each component).


If in doubt about any aspect of eligibility, please email for clarification.

About the Company

The University of Sheffield Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre with Boeing helps manufacturers of any size to become more competitive by introducing advanced techniques, technologies and processes. The Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre is part of the AMRC Group, a cluster of world-class centres for industry-focused research and development of technologies used in high-value manufacturing sectors. The group has specialist expertise in machining, casting, welding, powder metallurgy, composites, designing for manufacturing, testing and training. It has a global reputation for helping companies overcome manufacturing problems and has become a model for collaborative research involving universities, academics and industry, worldwide

The Advanced Forming Research Centre is a globally-recognised centre of excellence in innovative manufacturing technologies, R&D, and metal forming and forging research. We work with all types of organisations: from global original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) all the way through to local manufacturing companies. We're at the heart of Scotland’s manufacturing research and development sector and are the country’s only High Value Manufacturing Catapult centre; one of only seven in the UK.

Equality and Diversity


As a student at The University of Sheffield, you will be studying within an organisation that takes great pride in its dedication to equality and feels strongly that all students and members of staff should be treated with respect. We believe that the diversity of our students and employees is something that should be celebrated.


Our University is committed to its equal opportunities recruitment policies. Our dedication to this cause has continued to be recognised over the years, as demonstrated by various awards. These include a top-100 Stonewall award for workplace equality and Athena Swan awards for good employment practice for women working in science, engineering and technology in higher education and research. The University is also a Two Ticks Disability employer, recognised by Jobcentre Plus for our commitment to employing, retaining, training and to the career development of disabled staff.

How to apply

To apply please read the instructions in the How to Apply section, then submit a Doctoral application using our online application system via the Apply link. Application guidelines are available to download here.

Within the application, please state the title of the project you are applying for.

For an informal conversation about the project please contact: Dr Pete Crawforth (

Back to Current EngD Opportunities


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